Historical Sculptures - the material used is generally resin in the form of a cement binder. Handmade.
Works of art have been used to decorate dwellings and holy places for as long as we have been human. Sculptures made from wood or stone (statues), or reliefs showing pictures that seem to serve social or spiritual purposes arose in the world’s oldest cultures, and they are some of the most valuable archaeological discoveries. Of course no noble palace or cathedral would lack ornamental statues, but even the homes of common people held treasures that bore witness to the luxurious fantasies and technical skill of craftspeople, told tales of trade and exchange, and had their magical, religious and ritual roles to play in people’s lives.
Archaeological reproductions that are faithful copies of findings in Europe from Ancient Greece and Rome through the Middle Ages. We have a special category for discoveries made in the Czech lands and the Great Moravian Empire. Most of them are made from resin with a cement binder. Each nation and each historical period on the European continent brought new subjects and motifs to sculptural art, as well as new techniques and a tendency to better handling of the materials. Works by masters whose names have today long been forgotten grace today’s museums and private collections. Now you, too, can own a replica that will beautify your home, collection, or private altar or shrine.
Statues and wall hangings inspired by the ancient Incas, Maya and Aztecs. The material is usually resin with a cement binder.
Cultural developments took place in the Americas in two distinct geographical areas: Mesoamerica (Olmec and Toltec monuments and reliefs) and Peru (usually smaller works with highly advanced craftsmanship). The first material used was stone, then metal and terracotta came into used. Motifs were usually representations of real people and of their Gods, animals, etc. Besides sculptures we also frequently find masks and ritual objects, and there is the legendary calendar carved into basalt that still impresses us today with its accuracy.
Statues and wall reliefs with Ancient Egyptian subjects.
The fine arts of ancient Egypt (roughly the 5th-1st centuries BCE) were influenced not only by faith in a wide pantheon of gods, but also in the afterlife (which could only be attained if one was first mummified and laid to rest in a grave fully outfitted with food and other necessities in a pyramid or elsewhere). Many significant artworks served the cult of the divine pharaoh and his family and officials, and tried to ensure their immortal lives after death.
Reliefs were generally low (bas-reliefs) in interiors and the commonly found sunk reliefs were mostly placed on exterior walls. The figures depicted on the reliefs were usually simplified, stylized, and stiff, with the figures arms held close to the body and hands closed into fists. One leg is set ahead of the other. Arms and legs are shown in profile and the torso, shoulders and eye are facing forward. The relative size of figures depicted was in accordance with their importance, so the most powerful or important people appeared largest.
The motifs of reliefs on the temples most often depicted the deity worshipped there accepting offerings from the pharaoh, or other scenes associated with him or her, and the illustrations were complemented with texts written in hieroglyphs. Besides statues of royalty, sculptors also made representations of high officials and even servants (having a statue of a servant or slave in one’s grave would ensure that the deceased would always be waited upon in the afterlife). Statues and reliefs were painted, and each colour conveyed specific symbolic information. Ancient Egyptian death masks are also very interesting: usually they were made from gold and precious stones were used for their eyes. Sarcophagi and vases made from stone were also typical grave items. Most sculptural work was done in stone, since Egypt suffered from a lack of wood.
Many sculptures of animals have been preserved, especially from the later periods. Cats, perceived as sacred, were often represented, as well as dogs, falcons, and monkeys.
Reproductions of art from India, China and the Near East.
The history of Asia is rich and varied; it encompasses many important civilizations and, since it is such a vast continent it is difficult to make sweeping statements about the lives and fates of so many people living in such broad territories. Nevertheless, sculptures can be divided into those associated with religion (perhaps the most popular souvenir of a trip to Asia is a sitting Buddha) and objects used in daily life or connected in some way with writing or official affairs (clay tablets with texts, cylinder seals, etc.).
The first important artistic area is Central Asia and the “Greco-Buddhist” art that developed in this area between the incursions of Alexander the Great (4th century CE) and the ingress of Islam (7th century CE). This movement, which combined the Hellenistic sculptural style with local motifs, particularly of Buddhas, then expanded into a larger area of Asia.
China is also a great power, and its art displayed cultural maturity and technical excellence in, for instance, bronze vessels or the famous Terracotta Army, and sculptures made from nephrite jade are a particular specialty (4th - 14th centuries). Ceramics were very advanced in Japan before the adoption of Buddhism in the 6th century. Later, Japanese art received a new impulse and all larger artworks would depict Buddhist motifs. However, parallel to this trend there was also development in the lesser decorative arts.
In India the oldest finding is from as far back as 3 millennia BCE – bronze sculpture of a dancing girl; however, most of the rest of what has been discovered are ceramics and stone carvings, usually with motifs of animals or depictions of various deities. Religious pictures later predominate, though in some of the temple reliefs strongly erotic subjects are portrayed.
Historical findings in Southeast Asia include countless reliefs, rich ornaments and figural representations, such as those at the famous temple complex at Angkor Wat. Here, too, art is closely connected with Buddhism and Hinduism. The Near East and Mesopotamia are known for cylinder seals with engraved motifs that were usually impressed into wet clay. They were sometimes made from limestone, but sometimes precious gemstones were also used. These seals were used for official purposes, gifts, adornment and amulets. Here we also find the extraordinary Assyrian reliefs and also folk and religious statues of figures and engraved alabaster vases.
Islamic art is very specific – if only for its ban on depicting human and divine figures, which are substituted with richly, abstract ornamental designs (arabesques) and calligraphy. Representational animal and floral motifs were also popular.